verbo have got

present simple di have

affermativa
I have
You have
He-she-it has
We have
You have
They have

negativa I don't have
You don't have
He-she-it doesen't have
We don't have
You don't have
They don't have

interrogativa Do I have...?
Do you have...?
Does he-she-it have...?
Do we have...?
Do you have...?
Do they have...?

interrogativa negativa Don’t I have…?
Don’t you have…?
Doesn’t he-she-it have…?
Don’t we have…?
Don’t you have…?
Don’t they have…?


You don't have a soul. You are a Soul. You have a body.
tu non hai un'anima.tu sei un'anima.tu hai un corpo
C.S. Lewis



present simple di have got

affermativa
I have got
You have got
He-she-it has got
We have got
You have got
They have got

negativa I have not got
You have not got
He-she-it has not got
We have not got
You have not got
They have not got

interrogativa
Have I got…?
Have you got…?
Has he-she-it got…?
Have we got…?
Have you got…?
Have they got…?

interrogativa negativa
Have I not got…?
Have you not got…?
Has he not got…?
Have we not got…?
Have you not got…?
Have they not got…?






differenza tra have ed have got

nell’inglese americano si usa più spesso 'have', invece nell’inglese britannico (British) e' piu' comune 'have got'.

Non vi e' differenza di significato nelle due frasi seguenti :
I have a bike.
I've got a bike.

Entrambe significano '(Io) possiedo una bicicletta'.
L'unica regola da rispettare, e' quella di non mischiare tra loro le due forme. Se usi la forma senza il got, have e' il verbo principale, quindi per formare le frasi interrogative e negative dobbiamo usare un verbo ausiliare.


have

Present simple
I have a bike.
I don't have a bike.
Do you have a bike?

Past simple
I had a bike last year.
I didn't have a bike last year.
Did you have a bike last year?

Present perfect
I have had a bike for a long time.
I haven't had a bike for long.
Have you had a bike for long?

Futuro con will
I'll have a bike soon.
I won't have a bike soon.
Will you have a bike soon.






Have got

I've got a bike.
I haven't got a bike.
Have you got a bike?

I've got black eyes.
I haven't got black eyes.
Have you got black eyes?

Nota che usiamo 'have got' solo al presente.

Con 'have got', il verbo ausiliare e' have ed il verbo principale e' got.


Per quanto riguarda la forma contratta del verbo avere inglese, nelle affermative non possiamo usare la forma contratta se usiamo to have senza il got, mentre esiste la forma contratta di 'have got'.
I have a bike. [corretto]
I have got a bike. [corretto]
I’ve got a bike. [corretto]
I’ve a bike. [non corretto]

differenze tra have ed have got nella formazione delle frasi interrogative.

Have
What kind of bike do you have?

Have got
What kind of bike have you got?

NB: quando vogliamo esprimerci in maniera formale di solito non si usa la forma con 'have got'.



riepilogo

Sia have che have got servono ad indicare possesso (I have a bike - I have got a car) o indicare una relazione (I have a girlfriend - I have got a girlfriend)

Quando ci riferiamo a qualcosa che si possiede possiamo usare “have” o “have got” indifferentemente ( She has blue eyes; She has got blue eyes. )

Quando si parla di azioni quotidiane invece è preferibile usare solo 'have'.
I usually have breakfast at 6 o’clock. [corretto]
I usually have got breakfast at 6 o’clock. [non corretto]

Possiamo usare indifferentemente have oppure have got solo con il present simple, per le altre forme (al passato o al futuro) si deve usare have (senza il got) :