I verbi irregolari della lingua inglese

nella gramamtica inglese i verbi irregolari non sempre hanno regole per la coniugazione.
Come per i verbi regolari,anche i verbi Irregolari hanno sempre una forma bese del verbo .

I tempi passati si ottengono imparando a memoria la tabella dei verbi irregolari (seconda colonna).
 1      2       3
go     went    gone
sleep  slept   slept 

la prima colonna della tabella dei verbi irregolari contiene la forma base del verbo. Nel caso del verbo put,forma base,passato e participio passato coincidono
1     2       3
put  put     put

tabella dei verbi irregolari



forma base - Past Simple - Past Participle

A
Arise sorgere - Arose - Arisen
Awake svegliare - Awoke - Awoken

B
Be essere Was/Were Been
Bear sopportare - Bore - Born/Borne
Beat battere - Beat -Beaten
Become diventare - Became - Become
Begin iniziare - Began - Begun
Behold vedere - Beheld - Beheld
Bend piegare - Bent - Bent
Bet scommettere - Bet -Bet
Bind legare - Bound - Bound
Bite mordere - Bit - Bitten
Bleed sanguinare - Bled - Bled
Blow soffiare - Blew - Blown
Break rompere - Broke - Broken
Breed allevare - Bred - Bred
Bring portare - Brought - Brought
Build costruire - Built - Built
Burn bruciare - Burnt/Burned - Burnt/Burned
Burst scoppiare - Burst - Burst
Buy comprare - Bought - Bought

C
Cast lanciare - Cast - Cast
Catch catturare - Caught - Caught
Choose scegliere - Chose - Chosen
Cling aggrapparsi - Clung- Clung
Clothe vestire - Clad/Clothed - Clad/Clothed
Come venire - Came - Come
Cost costare - Cost - Cost
Creep strisciare - Crept - Crept
Cut tagliare - Cut - Cut

D
Dare osare - Dared/Durst - Dared
Deal trattare - Dealt - Dealt
Dig scavare - Dug - Dug
Dive immergersi - Dived/Dove - Dived
Do fare - Did - Done
Draw disegnare - Drew - Drawn
Dream sognare - Dreamt/Dreamed - Dreamt/Dreamed
Drink bere - Drank - Drunk
Drive guidare - Drove - Driven
Dwell abitare - Dwelt - Dwelt



E
Eat Ate Eaten
F
Fall cadere - Fell - Fallen
Feed nutrire - Fed - Fed
Feel sentire - Felt - Felt
Fight combattere - Fought - Fought
Find trovare - Found - Found
Fit adattare - Fit/Fitted - Fit/Fitted
Flee fuggire - Fled - Fled
Fling scagliare - Flung - Flung
Fly volare - Flew - Flown
Forbid proibire - Forbade/Forbad - Forbidden
Foresee prevedere - Foresaw - Foreseen
Foretell predire - Foretold - Foretold
Forget dimenticare - Forgot - Forgotten
Forgive perdonare - Forgave - Forgiven
Forsake abbandonare - Forsook -Forsaken
Freeze congelare - Froze -Frozen

G
Get ottenere - Got - Got/Gotten
Give dare - Gave - Given
Go andare - Went - Gone/Been
Grind macinare - Ground - Ground
Grow crescere - Grew - Grown

H
Hang appendere - Hung/Hanged - Hung/Hanged
Have avere - Had - Had
Hear sentire - Heard - Heard
Hide nascondere - Hid- Hidden
Hit colpire - Hit - Hit
Hold tenere - Held - Held
Hurt ferire - Hurt - Hurt

K
Keep tenere - Kept - Kept
Knit saldare - Knit/Knitted - Knit/Knitted
Know sapere - Knew -Known



L
Lay appoggiare - Laid - Laid
Lead condurre - Led - Led
Lean appoggiarsi - Leant/Leaned - Leant/Leaned
Leap saltare - Leapt/Leaped - Leapt/Leaped
Learn imparare - Learnt/Learned - Learnt/Learned
Leave lasciare - Left - Left
Lend prestare - Lent - Lent
Let lasciare - Let - Let
Lie mentire - Lay - Lain
Light illuminare - Lit - Lit
Lose perdere - Lost - Lost

M
Make fare - Made - Made
Mean significare - Meant - Meant
Meet incontrare - Met Met
Melt sciogliere - Melted - Molten/Melted
Mislead ingannare - Misled - Misled
Mistake confondere - Mistook - Mistaken
Misunderstand fraintendere - Misunderstood - Misunderstood
Mow falciare - Mowed - Mown

O
Overdraw esagerare - Overdrew - Overdrawn
Overhear origliare - Overheard - Overheard
Overtake sorpassare - Overtook - Overtaken

P
Pay pagare - Paid - Paid
Preset preimpostare - Preset - Preset
Prove dimostrare - Proved - Proven/Proved
Put mettere - Put - Put

Q
Quit smettere - Quit - Quit

R
Read leggere - Read - Read
Rid liberare - Rid/Ridded - Rid/Ridded
Ride cavalcare - Rode - Ridden
Ring squillare - Rang - Rung
Rise sorgere - Rose - Risen
Rive spaccare - Rived - Riven/Rived
Run correre - Ran - Run



S
Saw segare - Sawed - Sawn/Sawed
Say dire - Said - Said
See vedere - Saw - Seen
Seek cercare - Sought - Sought
Sell vendere - Sold - Sold
Send inviare - Sent - Sent
Set fissare - Set - Set
Sew cucire - Sewed - Sewn/Sewed
Shake agitare - Shook - Shaken
Shave radersi - Shaved - Shaven/Shaved
Shed versare - Shed - Shed
Shine brillare - Shone - Shone
Shoe calzare - Shod - Shod
Shoot sparare - Shot - Shot
Show mostrare - Showed - Shown
Shrink ridurre - Shrank - Shrunk
Shut chiudere - Shut - Shut
Sing cntare - Sang - Sung
Sink affondare - Sank - Sunk
Sit sedersi - Sat - Sat
Slay uccidere - Slew - Slain
Sleep dormire - Slept - Slept
Slide scorrere - Slid - Slid/Slidden
Sling lanciare - Slung - Slung
Smell annusare - Smelt/Smelled - Smelt/Smelled
Sow seminare - Sowed - Sown
Speak parlare - Spoke - Spoken
Speed sfrecciare - Sped/Speeded - Sped/Speeded
Spend spendere - Spent - Spent
Spill versare - Spilt/Spilled - Spilt/Spilled
Spin girare - Span/Spun - Spun
Spit sputare - Spat/Spit - Spat/Spit
Split dividere - Split - Split
Spoil rovinare - Spoilt/Spoiled - Spoilt/Spoiled
Spread diffondere - Spread - Spread
Stand stare in piedi - Stood - Stood
Steal rubare - Stole - Stolen
Stick attaccare - Stuck - Stuck
Sting pungere - Stung - Stung
Stink puzzare - Stank - Stunk
Strike colpire - Struck - Struck/Stricken
Strip spogliare - Stript/Stripped - Stript/Stripped
Strive sforzarsi - Strove - Striven
Sublet subaffittare - Sublet - Sublet
Swear giurare - Swore - Sworn
Sweat sudare - Sweat/Sweated - Sweat/Sweated
Sweep spazzare - Swept/Sweeped - Swept/Sweeped
Swim nuotare - Swam - Swum
Swing oscillare - Swung - Swung

T
Take prendere - Took - Taken
Teach insegnare - Taught - Taught
Tear strappare - Tore - Torn
Tell dire - Told - Told
Think pensare - Thought - Thought
Thrive prosperare - Throve/Thrived- Thriven/Thrived
Throw gettare - Threw - Thrown
Thrust spingere - Thrust - Thrust
Tread percorrere - Trod -Trodden

U
Undergo subire - Underwent - Undergone
Understand capire - Understood - Understood
Undertake intraprendere - Undertook - Undertaken
Upset sconvolgere - Upset - Upset

V
Vex opprimere - Vext/Vexed - Vext/Vexed


W
Wake svegliarsi - Woke - Woken
Wear indossare - Wore - Worn
Weave tessere - Wove - Woven
Wed sposarsi - Wed/Wedded - Wed/Wedded
Weep piangere - Wept - Wept
Wet bagnare - Wet/Wetted - Wet/Wetted
Win vincere - Won - Won
Wind avvolgere - Wound - Wound
Withdraw ritirare - Withdrew - Withdrawn
Withhold trattenere - Withheld - Withheld
Wring strizzare - Wrung - Wrung
Write scrivere - Wrote - Written