verbo avere in inglese - to have coniugazione e passato

Uso del verbo avere inglese come verbo principale e ausiliare

present simple di to have

forma affermativa
I have got
you have got
he-she-it has got
we have got
you have got
they have got


forma negativa
I haven't got
you haven't got
he-she-it hasn't got
we haven't got
you haven't got
they haven't got

forma interrogativa
Have I got?
have you got?
has he-she-it got?
have we got?
have you got?
have they got?

You don't have a soul. You are a Soul. You have a body.
tu non hai un'anima.tu sei un'anima.tu hai un corpo
C.S. Lewis

il verbo avere e' uno dei verbi piu' usati della lingua inglese ; puo' agire come verbo principale ...
We have the best government that money can buy.
abbiamo il miglior governo che il denaro puo' comprare
Mark Twain

... o come ausiliario per formare i tempi perfetti ...
When I think over what I have said, I envy dumb people.
quando rifletto su quello che ho detto, invidio la gente stupida.
Seneca

...o ancora come modale ...
Faith moves mountains, but you have to keep pushing while you are praying.
la fede muove le montagne, ma devi continuare a spingere mentre stai pregando
Mason Cooley

... o in espressioni particolari per mostrare azione.
-have a look=dare un'occhiata
-to have a rest=riposarsi
-to have breakfast = fare colazione
-to have a drink = bere qualcosa
-to have a lunch-meal-etc = mangiare
-to have a chat= chiaccherare
-have a good time/have fun
(stare bene,divertirsi)

Try not to have a good time... this is supposed to be educational.
prova a non divertirti... si suppone che questo sia educativo.
Charles M. Schulz

come verbo principale , il verbo avere in inglese , assume significato di possedere, e non prende la forma progressiva (ing form)

il verbo avere in inglese, quando non e' seguito da got necessita dell'ausiliare do per costruire la forma interrogativa e negativa :
I haven't got= I don't have
have you got? = do you have?

If you have integrity, nothing else matters. If you don't have integrity, nothing else matters.
se hai integrita',niente altro e' importante. se non hai integrita',niente altro e' importante.
Alan K. Simpson



past simple di to have

si usa had per tutte le persone . per la negativa ed interrogativa si usa l'ausiliare did
I-you-he-she-it-we-you-they had
I-you-he-she-it-we-you-they didn't have
did I-you-he-she-it-we-you-they had?

He and I had an office so tiny that an inch smaller and it would have been adultery.
lui ed io avevamo un ufficio cosi' piccolo che un pollice piu' piccolo e sarebbe stato adulterio.
Dorothy Parker


verbo avere in inglese

come ausiliare, serve a costruire i tempi perfetti:

il present perfect (equivalente circa al nostro passato prossimo)

All that we are is the result of what we have thought. The mind is everything. What we think we become.
quello che siamo e' il risultato di quello che abbiamo pensato.la mente e' tutto. quello che pensiamo diventiamo.
Buddha

il past perfect,equivalente circa al nostro trapassato prossimo

When I look back on all these worries, I remember the story of the old man who said on his deathbed that he had had a lot of trouble in his life, most of which had never happened
quando guardo indietro verso tutte queste tribolazioni,ricordo la storia dell'anziano uomo che disse nel suo letto di morte che lui aveva avuto molti guai nella sua vita,la maggior parte dei quali non erano mai successi.
Winston Churchill

il future perfect ... I will have done

If you find it in your heart to care for somebody else, you will have succeeded.
se troverai nel tuo cuore il prenderti cura di qualcun'altro ,avrai avuto successo
-- Maya Angelou

il present perfect continuous... I have been doing

...e il past perfect continuous I had been doing



have to :

quando il verbo have inglese รจ usato come modale ha il significato di dovere,e deve essere sempre seguito da un'altro verbo :
I have to do = devo fare
have to e' simile a must,ma a differenza di quest'ultimo,in genere, non e' frutto di decisioni personali ma di leggi o regolamenti .

You have to learn the rules of the game. And then you have to play better than anyone else.
devi imparare le regole del gioco. ed allora devi giocare meglio di chiunque altro
Albert Einstein

have to e don't have to :
I have to do = devo fare
I don't have to do= non e' necessario fare,e' facoltativo fare



coniugazione del verbo avere in inglese

forme semplici

Present simple
I have - io ho
you have - tu hai
he/she/it has - egli ha
we have - noi abbiamo
you have - voi avete
they have - essi hanno

past simple
I had -io avevo
you had -tu avevi
he/she/it had - egli aveva
we had - noi avevamo
you had - voi avevate
they had - essi avevano

Infinitive
to have - avere

Imperative
have - abbi
let's have - abbiamo
have - abbia

participle - participio :
Present : having - avendo
Past : had - avuto

Past participle
Having had - avendo avuto



to have coniugazione

coniugazione verbo avere inglese : forme composte


Present continuous
I am having - io sto avendo
you are having - tu stai avendo
he/she/it is having - egli asta avendo
we are having - noi stiamo avendo
you are having - voi state avendo
they are having - essi stanno avendo

Present perfect
I have had - io ho avuto
you have had -tu hai avuto
he/she/it has had - egli ha avuto
we have had - noi abbiamo avuto
you have had - tu hai avuto
they have had - essi hanno avuto

Future simple I will have - io avro'
you will have - tu avrai
he/she/it will have - egli avra'
we will have - noi avremo
you will have - voi avrete
they will have - essi avranno


Future perfect I will have had - io avro' avuto
you will have had - tu avrai avuto
he/she/it will have had -egli avra' avuto
we will have had - noi avremo avuto
you will have had - voi avrete avuto
they will have had - essi avranno avuto

Past continuous I was having - io stavo avendo
you were having - tu stavi avendo
he/she/it was having - egli stava avendo
we were having - noi stavamo avendo
you were having - voi stavate avendo
they were having - essi stavano avendo

Past perfect I had had - io avevo avuto
you had had - tu avevi avuto
he/she/it had had - egli aveva avuto
we had had - noi avevamo avuto
you had had - voi avevate avuto
they had had - essi avevano avuto


Future continuous
I will be having - io staro' avendo
you will be having - tu starai avendo
he/she/it will be having - egli stara' avendo
we will be having - noi staremo avendo
you will be having - voi starete avendo
they will be having - essi staranno avendo

Present perfect continuous
I have been having
you have been having
he/she/it has been having
we have been having
you have been having
they have been having


Past perfect continuous
I had been having
you had been having
he/she/it had been having
we had been having
you had been having
they had been having


Future perfect continuous
I will have been having
you will have been having
he/she/it will have been having
we will have been having
you will have been having
they will have been having